Outside the European Union, the EIB supports the pre-accession strategies of candidate countries and the Western Balkans. It also manages the financial dimension of the agreements reached within the framework of the European development aid and cooperation policy. In this context, it is present in Mediterranean countries as well as in the countries of Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific (ACP). One of the main developments in the European Constitution, which is currently being ratified, is to clarify the delimitation of powers between the Union and the Member States. The Constitutional Treaty also provides for the division of the Union`s powers into three categories: exclusive powers, shared powers and support, coordination or complementary powers. A principle of international law under which States parties decide to recognize and maintain decisions taken by the competent authorities of another Member State. 6. The Council decides by qualified majority. Agreements on services and intellectual property are concluded by qualified majority according to the same rule as for trade in goods. However, the principle of `parallelism` applies, whereby the EU`s common trade policy is complementary to the internal market and should not go beyond areas in which EU Member States have agreed to consolidate their sovereignty.
Therefore, education, health, culture, transport and investment (in the latter area, with the exception of services where the right to settle is already under the WTO) and all territories where internal EU legislation requires unanimity or where harmonisation at Community level has not taken place, are not decided by qualified majority, but unanimously. In practice, this means that any major trade agreement will likely require the unanimous agreement of the Member States. Where ratification, acceptance or approval is free, the signature does not warrant mandatory approval. However, it is a means of authentication and expresses the willingness of the signatory state to continue the process of drafting contracts. The signature gives the signatory state the right to obtain ratification, acceptance or approval. It also creates an obligation to refrain from any act of good faith that would ruin the purpose and purpose of the treaty. The European Constitution, which is currently being ratified, provides for measures on border controls, visas, asylum and immigration to become a common policy. Joint action, which is a legal instrument under Title V of the Treaty on the European Union (CFSP), means coordinated action by Member States mobilising all kinds of resources (human resources, know-how, financing, equipment, etc.) in order to achieve specific objectives defined by the Council on the basis of general guidance of the European Council. From a legal point of view, the Treaty amends certain provisions of the EU Treaty, the treaties establishing the European Communities and certain related acts, creates a Community employment policy, transfers certain areas in the area of justice and home affairs (JAI) to the Communities, reforms the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), extends qualified majority voting and allows for closer cooperation between Member States.