CONSIDERING Article XXVII of the Canada-U.S. Agreement on Income and Capital Taxation, amended in Washington on June 14, 1983, March 28, 1984, March 17, 1995, July 29, 1997 and September 21, 2007 (“Convention”), 5 Subject to paragraphs 3 and 4 of this article, the information covered in Article 2 of this Agreement is exchanged within nine months of the end of the calendar year to which the information relates. where the financial institution or commercial establishment has control, receipt or retention of the income for which information must be exchanged in accordance with Article 2, item 2 (b) of this agreement. The agreement was born out of the OECD`s work on combating harmful tax practices. The lack of effective exchange of information is one of the main criteria for determining harmful tax practices. The agreement is the standard for the effective exchange of information within the meaning of the OECD`s initiative on harmful tax practices. 4 Notwithstanding paragraph 3 of this article, parties are not required, with respect to any reporting accounts held by a reporting financial institution as of June 30, 2014 and subject to Article 6, paragraph 4, of this agreement, to receive the Canadian TIN or the U.S. TIN and, if applicable, to include them in the information exchanged if these subjects are not included in the records of the reporting financial institution. In this case, the contracting parties receive and record the date of birth of the person concerned in the information exchanged when the reporting financial institution has such a date of birth in its records. The British Virgin Islands Protocol (exchange of information) [128kb) (a) (a) identifies accounts submitted to the United States for reporting and annually returns to the relevant Canadian authority the information to be declared in Article 2, point a), Of Article 2 of this agreement, as described in Article 3 of this agreement; Tax Information Exchange Agreements (TIEA) provide for the exchange of information on request in the context of a specific criminal or civil tax investigation or civil tax matter under investigation.  A TIEA model has been developed by the OECD Global Forum Working Group on Effective Information Exchange. (b) Canada is not required to begin the exchange of information until the date on which participants are required to notify the IRS of similar information, in accordance with relevant U.S.
treasury rules; 3 Developing a common model of reporting and exchange: the parties commit to cooperating with partner jurisdictions and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development to adapt the terms of this agreement and other agreements between the United States and partner countries to a common model of automatic exchange of information, including the development of notification and due diligence standards for financial institutions. 3 With regard to Article 2, paragraph 2, of the agreement, information must be collected and exchanged for 2014 and all subsequent years, with the exception of: Download UK and Jersey Letter Exchanges (size 60kb) This exchange of information on request was completed by an automatic procedure on 29 October 2014.  The automatic process must be based on a common reporting standard.